Video: a highly adaptable medium to conveying diverse messages on adaptation
AAP national teams are putting the powerful medium of video to work to raise awareness and deepen understanding of climate adaptation.
Video offers a unique opportunity to combine moving images, still photographs, narration, interviews, graphics and text to convey information in an engaging and compelling way. And contemporary video technologies and online viewing platforms make video production and sharing much easier.
The following sampling of AAP videos shows the high adaptability of the medium itself to conveying different messages to different audiences.
Climate Change: Mitigation and adaptation activities
This video examines how climate change will affect agriculture in Rwanda and how the series of pilot projects in which the AAP is participating will help prepare responses to these impacts. These adaptation initiatives are being undertaken by the AAP together with the Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA), the Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB) and the Least Developed Countries Fund in 10 districts across the country that are experiencing lower or higher rainfall than usual, soil erosion and increased soil acidity.
The video opens with footage of officials from REMA and the RAB visiting the districts and drawing up plans with residents and local leaders for locally appropriate mitigation and adaptation measures.
It goes on to discuss the findings from a 2007 national report that identified likely effects of climate change on Rwanda and the adverse effect these would have on the country’s agricultural sector. The report recommended a series of adaptation activities involving water management, early warning mechanisms and increased production of resilient crops, which form the basis of the 10 AAP interventions.
Dr Rose Mukankomeje, Director General of REMA, discusses how the intervention locations were selected and what the AAP and LDCF does at each. John Gapusi, a researcher at REMA, is also interviewed about the activities.
A farmer from Gatsibo District, Peter Muyambi, is interviewed about the problems his district is facing and the possible solutions to these.
The last section of the video then looks directly at the activities being undertaken in the 10 districts.
Securing the Future: Setting the Scene for a Low Carbon Resilient Future
This video, produced by the AAP with the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources, shows local communities benefiting from adaptation initiatives that give them access to carbon credits and reduce their living costs. It highlights a series of initiatives being implemented by the Government of Kenya to help rural communities adapt to climate change. Different sections of the video look at:
- The REDD+ project in Taita Taveta, where locals are being assisted with sustainable production techniques and being taught how they can profit through carbon credits from protecting the environment.
- The Mikoko Project operating in coastal areas. The project rejuvenates mangrove ecosystems, which protect against climate change impacts and provide a source of carbon credits.
- The Ewangan CBO lighting project in the Ngong Hills, which provides residents and businesses with energy.
- The Nyongara Biogas Plant, which converts solid waste from the Nyongara abattoir into biogas to run the facility’s generator, reducing waste pollution in the area.
- The Kenya National Domestic Biogas Programme, which installs biogas units in farms.
- The Mutunguru Hydro dam project in Meru, which provides electricity for the local community, which is not connected to the national grid.
- A project to grow the Prosopis plant in Baringo, where reclaimed lands have reduced desertification and generated a charcoal industry.
- Maarifa Centresin various locations, which provide adaptation information resources to local communities.
Kenyans' Innovative Response to Climate Change
This second video recently produced by AAP Kenya looks at adaptation projects that the government and local communities are undertaking to combat the effects of climate change. These include the Imarisha Naivasha Programme, an effort to restore Lake Naivasha’s water level by planting water-retaining papyrus around it, and the Kerosene Free Programme, a five-year project to replace kerosene lamps and candles with LED solar lamps.
The video also looks at various adaptation strategies for communities such as early warning systems, water harvesting and storage, drought resistant and early maturing crops, well-suited animal breeding and crop insurance schemes. It goes on to show how Mzee Sato, a resident of Nyamira, uses animal waste to power his house with biogas and how Pauline Langalat, who comes from the semi-arid region of Turkana East, harvests the water that she uses for farming.
Towards Mainstreaming Climate Change and Disaster Risk into Ghana’s Development Policies and Plans
This video, produced by AAP Ghana, uses a range of visuals including animations, photos and maps along with sound effects and voiceovers to convey information.
The video explains climate change and its effects. It then explains the aims of the AAP and outlines its targeted outputs. It goes on to describe five flood-related pilot projects and concludes with an explanation of how mainstreaming climate change is an effective way to confront the range of issues it exacerbates.
AAP national teams are encouraged to forward any videos they produce to The Baobab Coalition Journal so we can share them with colleagues across the AAP community.