1,104,300 sq. km.
Mean annual temperature increased by 1.3⁰C between 1960 and 2006.4 Temperatures have increased the most in the July-September period.
The strong variability of Ethiopia’s rainfall makes it difficult to detect long‐term trends. There is not a statistically significant trend in observed mean rainfall in any season in Ethiopia between 1960 and 2006. Decreases in July September rainfall observed in the 1980s have shown recovery in the 1990s and 2000s.4
- The mean annual temperature is projected to increase by 1.1⁰C to 3.1⁰C by 2060 and 1.5⁰C to 5.1⁰C by 2090.4
- Most models predict increasing rainfall in Ethiopia in the ‘short’ rainfall season (October-November/December) in southern Ethiopia.4